Rethinking Leadership: Vision, creativity and capacity of a transformer

Rethinking Leadership: Vision, creativity and capacity of a transformer
Professor Anya O. Anya

By Anya O. Anya

When we consider management in Nigeria as certainly in the remainder of Africa we frequently ignore the historic burdens that predispose management to failure. We usually overlook the burden imposed by our previous by slave commerce, the colonial expertise and the bags of previous failures in management. These historic burdens impose on the current management the duty to rethink the long run for a brand new imaginative and prescient that may mitigate the constraints imposed by the previous.

Inherited construction

Unfortunately, the management that succeeded the colonial administration inherited the buildings of governance, hook, line and sinker with out analyzing the options of their new inheritance as to relevance, suitability or applicability within the surroundings of a very impartial nation. Both Nnamdi Azikiwe and Tafawa Balewa in separate speeches identified the existence of this hiatus.

Furthermore in a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-religious society the leaders didn’t have the luxurious of shut interplay with one another. Hence they might not develop a typical imaginative and prescient of the long run for his or her new nation nor may they share a typical code of values. Such interplay may have underlined to them the need of their mutual interdependence (Remarks on the National management dialogue of the Nigerian Prize for management – 29th May 2020).

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Such interdependence would have facilitated the emergence of a management cadre sharing a typical imaginative and prescient of the long run with a code of values or ethos that will improve collaboration, cooperation and the convergence of pursuits developed in an surroundings that engenders concurrently a way of autonomy and self-determination within the constituent sub-national polities. The desirability of a federal state would have been beneath the circumstances self-evident.

The flip-side to this anomalous state of affairs is the centrifugal stress that has haunted the brand new nation from its earliest days. As Karl Maier an American journalist had trigger to watch

“….the long term solution in Nigeria to the crisis that arise in a multi-ethnic state is for the various parties, however many they may be to sit down and negotiate how they want to govern themselves and how they ultimately want to share resources and to decide whether they ultimately want to live together….until they begin that process of internal reconciliation at best Nigeria (will) lurch from crises to crises..”

As daunting because the problem of management might seem, historical past teaches that such leaders have emerged at important factors of their nation’s historical past. Otto van Bismark did it for Germany, Ataturk for Turkey and in newer occasions, Deng Xiaping for China, Lee Kwuan Yew for Singapore, Mohamed Mahathir for Malaysia and Mandela for South Africa.

Leaders who’ve led profitable transformation of their societies have been males of outstanding intelligence, information and knowledge anchored on integrity, sensitivity and tenacity of goal. They are individuals who have a transparent sense of goal with the uncanny potential to deal with the organizational politics of their surroundings whereas managing processes to facilitate the specified consequence. As managers of processes they’ve enhanced capability to resolve dilemmas, moral points and conflicts in addition to to shift paradigms via inventive pondering and relevant strategies of persuasion. They are masters within the administration of inventive stress.

In a plural society similar to Nigeria every particular person carries a number of identities which stir the deeper sensibilities and dynamics that form human relationships: the boundaries that problem management immediately are extra psychological than structural or organizational. They contain the entire gamut of human relationships usually related to sturdy feelings: the presence or lack of belief, loyalty, respect, pleasure, frequent goal, security, safety, threats and the small matter of possession.

Fundamental problem of management

The elementary problem of management then is to know how identities are shaped out of the interaction of two elementary however opposing forces – the necessity for differentiation, divergence, and uniqueness in contradistinction to the necessity for integration, convergence and belongingness. The final problem for management is methods to bridge or span these a number of identities by reaching out throughout the complicated boundaries in human relationships. Consequently management should have the capability to handle boundaries, forge frequent floor and goal whilst they uncover new frontiers to beat.

Six practices that produce good management

Modern analysis in administration science has recognized six practices that facilitate the emergence of the capability for “boundaries-spanning” management. Such analysis has proven that when the multiplicity and complexity of forces are delivered to bear in alignment and synergy they produce what has been referred to as a nexus impact – the emergence of recent and surprising realities that carry with them new potentialities that encourage teams to acknowledge that they will obtain collectively above and past what they will realise on their very own.

That is certainly, the inherent power in range: the entire taken collectively on this new surroundings of cooperation and collaboration, (a brand new inventive range) turns into larger than the sum of its multitude of separate components. Since the chief is the driving force of the brand new state of affairs he exudes the zeal to excel, dedication to innovate and dedication to sacrifice to the frequent good.

Boundary-spanning management then is the power to create path, alignment and dedication throughout boundaries within the service of a better imaginative and prescient and aim. The increased fascinating aim in our current circumstances being to construct a brand new Nigeria the place fairness, justice and prosperity is accessible and accessible to all people, all areas and all constituencies. Leaders should due to this fact lead throughout teams, and diversities on the historic juncture the place expertise, experience and different identities intersect, whilst two highly effective human forces – differentiation and integration collide to catalyze a brand new actuality pushed by collaboration, innovation, and transformation engineered by a brand new mindset and new psychological fashions. As the late Albert Einstein noticed “problems cannot be solved at the current level of consciousness that created them” Hence the inevitability of change. So the place will we go from right here?

Three issues going through Nigeria

It is pertinent to remind us at this stage that the three excellent issues going through Nigeria are presently:

  • The problem of nationwide Integration;
  • The problem of nationwide growth; and
  • The problem of constructing a Pan-Nigerian management cadre

It was our late compatriot Chinua Achebe who had noticed:

“The Nigerian problem is the unwillingness or inability of its leaders to rise to the challenge of personal example which are the hallmarks of true leadership. Nigeria can change if she discovers leaders who have the will, the ability and the vision…”

Crux of the matter

This is the crux of the matter – the choice course of for management is anchored not on the invention of recent abilities and grooming them for service based on the nationwide imaginative and prescient and the nationwide code of values. The preponderance of what passes for management in Nigeria immediately is supplied by the political class: self-selected and self-perpetuating via an amoral and worth depreciating community of god-fathers who know the worth of every thing and the worth of nothing.

o we want a wholesale change within the rulership class. Fortunately we now have within the Report of the 2014 National Conference a report that may function a brand new grundnorm, for embedded in that doc is the framework of a brand new structure: the results of an unprecedented nationwide consensus which might be validated by the Nigerian peoples in a referendum. In the meantime we are able to make the chapter 2 of our current structure justiciable and necessary on all governments in any respect ranges. Maybe that such an initiative ought to serve to return the federal government to the folks since all the problems that ought to concern the citizen is absolutely aggregated in that chapter II of the current structure.

Nigeria’s biggest want

In abstract, the best want of Nigeria at this era of convulsive adjustments within the world surroundings is a management that has the consuming ardour and compassion to construct bridges throughout the peoples of Nigeria past ethnicities, cultures and religions. It just isn’t rocket science.

  • Professor Anya O. Anya, Ph.D (Cambridge) D.Sc (Hon) D.Litt (Hon) FAS, OFR, NNOM, wrote from Lagos.
  • Vanguard

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